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Endangered Species Nature Study

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Books

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Resources

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On Wild Hope: Stories for Lent from the Vanishing

Wild Hope is a guided devotional for Lent by Gayle Boss. As a family we have been going through Gayle Boss’s All Creation Waits for three years now during Advent, and I am excited to read through Wild Hope this year for Lent. All Creation Waits is themed on animals’ adaptations to winter; Wild Hope is themed on endangered species.

So why focus on endangered species for Lent?

“The purpose of Lent has always been to startle us awake to the true state of our hearts and the world we’ve made. Which wakes an aching, wild hope that something new might be born of the ruin. The promise of Lent is that something will be born of the ruin… Lent is seeded with resurrection.” (Gayle Boss, Wild Hope)

We open our hearts and souls up to the animals who suffer, the “least of these” and feel their suffering as our own.

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Bears Nature Study

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Nonfiction Books:
Fiction Books:

Great for Preschoolers and Kindergarteners

Early Chapter Books

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Resources:
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Wild Cats Nature Study

Wild Cats Nature Study - The Silvan Reverie
Nonfiction Books:
Fiction Books:

There are a great number of children’s books that feature tigers and lions, so I am not even going to bother listing them (though I will put in a shout-out for Mr. Tiger Goes Wild, an all-time family favorite).

For other wild cats, check out these titles:

Resources
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Phenology Made Easy

Phenology Made Easy - The Silvan Reverie

For all of 2019 I kept a Phenology Wheel, one for each month. This type of wheel requires hours of work each month and is something I personally enjoy and find meaningful. However, I understand there is a desire to do this sort of thing but not everyone feels they have the time or is comfortable committing to that much illustration work.

So, with that in mind, I thought I would share some resources to invite you do participate in a phenological study for 2020 in a way that’s inviting and meaningful, but takes less time.

What is Phenology?

Phenology is simply a recorded journal of what is happening in the natural world where you live over time. Theoretically you could have recorded data for year after year and be able to compare important seasonal shifts, like what day did you hear the first Red-winged Blackbird reappear in spring? When did the first Daffodil bloom? When did your favorite tree lose all its leaves? When was the first snow?

A phenological record can be many things: a wheel is a nice visual tool that looks pretty, but keep in mind you don’t need to have something that detailed to record your phenological year!!

Two great inspiring people who held a passion for Phenology are Edith Holden and Aldo Leopold. Both of these mostly have written records just like you would record a journal:

You don’t need to illustrate everything, is all I’m saying! In fact, you do not need to do any illustration at all to keep a Phenology Journal!

I keep a draft document on my computer and write in a few notes here and there as days pass. No illustration, just a quick note: “Spotted bobcat tracks on 1/15.” Simple. Easy. Quick. But it still has meaning and value — it’s so fun to go back over the whole year and read through and remember those experiences even if I do not have an illustration to match in my Phenology Wheel journal.

Phenology Resources Made Easy

Phenology Made Easy - The Silvan Reverie

First, one of my favorite resources is this:

Lynn’s Guide is so thorough and wonderful! She explains the whole process and provides many examples. She also provides a lot of ideas for what to include in your wheel! This tool is an excellent resource that is also kid-friendly. My own kids are excited about doing one like this in 2020.

Okay, so in my Phenology Wheel for every day of the year I track sunrise/sunset, daily low/high temperature, weather, and the moon phase. Below are other resources you could use as a way to mark your phenological study this year without the need to do all of that illustration yourself:

If you are using Lynn’s Phenology Wheel Guide you could easily add to your page simple data for each month (represented as one wedge of the wheel) such as:

  • Total precipitation for each month
  • Average temperature
  • Full moon name

This alleviates the time commitment to track this information every single day of the year.

Or, here’s the thing — as I said before, you do not have to have a Phenology Wheel in order to keep a Phenology Journal! You could simply use a few of the above resources to keep track of the moon and/or temperature, and then keep a written record in a notebook of what you notice in nature. No illustration required!

Favorite Nature Journal Resources

Phenology Made Easy - The Silvan Reverie

On this blog post I detail how I create my Phenology Wheels for each month and what resources I use to create it.

I plan to use the same notebooks with watercolor paper for my kids to do their phenology wheel, which will be just one year represented by 12 wedges.

I’m excited for another year of discovery and paying attention, being present to the created world and its natural rhythms, which root us in a real embodied life gifted to us.

“Nobody can discover the world for somebody else. Only when we discover it for ourselves does it become common ground and a common bond and we cease to be alone.” – Wendell Berry

Happy 2020!

 

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Winter Solstice Nature Study & Celebration

Celebrating the Winter Solstice - The Silvan Reverie

Winter Solstice Books

A Few Other Books That Fit the Theme

Winter Solstice Learning

I also used this 24-Hour Pie Printout to have my kids count out the difference in daylight hours we experience in the Summer vs. Winter Solstice (see photo above for my son counting using math manipulatives with the sheet).

Celebrating the Winter Solstice - The Silvan Reverie

Winter Solstice Poetry

We love other seasonal-based poetry like A Year of Nature Poems, Around the Year, and Sing A Song of Seasons.

Celebrating the Winter Solstice - The Silvan Reverie

Activities to Celebrate

MAKE ORANGE POMANDERS

We made simple orange pomanders using clementines and whole cloves, paired with The Sun Egg by Elsa Beskow. I find that the clementines are easier for small hands, but if your kids need extra help they can always poke the orange first with a toothpick and then push in the cloves.

Pomanders today are created for beautiful decorations and for a nice aroma. In Medieval times these were made for good fortune and to ward off illness.

Celebrating the Winter Solstice - The Silvan Reverie

CREATE A SUN CRAFT

You could do paper suns, sun catchers in the window, sun luminaries, or any number of crafts you can think of to celebrate the sun!

We chose this year to make Salt Dough Sun Ornaments to hang on our Christmas tree.

Celebrating the Winter Solstice - The Silvan Reverie

Salt Dough Recipe:

  • 4 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1 cup salt
  • 1 1/2 cups warm water

Combine ingredients & knead until incorporated. Roll & cut into desired shapes. (Add a hole for string with a straw if making ornaments). Bake at low temp (200-250 degrees) for 1-2 or let air dry. I usually to a combination of air dry + oven dry. Usually we paint a day or two after we have cut the shapes.

Once they are dry you can paint them. We use watercolors! You may want to seal the finished items with Mod Podge or something similar to preserve.

CANDLE-MAKING

We use this simple Make Your Own Beeswax Candle Kit to roll beeswax candles — maybe next year we will get in to using melted wax! This kit has lasted us a long time, by the way.

Light is lacking in winter so of course we bring it inside and relish the light we can.

Celebrating the Winter Solstice - The Silvan Reverie

FEED SOME WILDLIFE

We have been reading through All Creation Waits during Advent the last several years and it’s always lovely to consider the natural world this time of year and the extent to which their bodies expend themselves to survive the harsh cold and barren world.

The kids are usually inspired to help our animal friends out, making sure our bird feeders are always full.

We also like to make simple Pinecone Bird Feeders. Great books to pair with this activity are The Big Snow by Berta and Elmer Hader and Night Tree by Eve Bunting.

Simply cover a pinecone in peanut butter, dip & roll in bird seed, then hang outside where you can see and birdwatch!

Celebrating the Winter Solstice - The Silvan Reverie

SOLSTICE SCIENCE

We made frozen ice orbs using an idea I found in Whatever the Weather: Science Experiments and Art Activities that Explore the Wonder of Weather.

  • Fill balloons with water and place in a bowl (coated with vegetable oil so the balloons don’t freeze together).
  • Set outside in below-freezing temps (make sure the bowl isn’t in the sun), and wait until they freeze solid.
  • Peel off the balloons (use scissors or a knife to help) and enjoy your ice orbs!

After marveling for a bit, we decided to set ours outside in the sun to do an experiment on the sun — and see how long they take to melt.

This is a fun and engaging science lesson on water phases, temperature, and the power of the sun!

Celebrating the Winter Solstice - The Silvan Reverie
TAKE A FAMILY HIKE

Enjoy a quiet family hike together — even if it’s not exactly on the Solstice. Pay close attention to sights and sounds. Nature journal your experience together.

COOK A WINTER MEAL TOGETHER

Because we have access to fruits and vegetables and modern refrigeration, I think there is something lost in our ability to feel the frugality and sparseness winter demands. Try to imagine what living through the winter meant 150 years ago!

To honor a sense of gratitude for winter meals, try creating a simple seasonal meal like soup or roasted root vegetables and homemade bread. One of my favorite cookbooks to this end is Simply in Season.

 

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Conifers Nature Study

Conifers Nature Study - The Silvan Reverie

Fiction Books:
Holiday Themed Fiction Books:
Nonfiction Books:
Conifers Nature Study - The Silvan Reverie
Resources:

Conifers Nature Study - The Silvan Reverie

A Little Note

Remember that terminology is important! Not all conifers are evergreen, and not all evergreens are conifers.

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Grasshopper Nature Study

Grasshopper Nature Study - The Silvan Reverie
Books:
Printed Resources:
For Fun:

Grasshopper Leaf Art Project - The Silvan Reverie

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Animal Tracks Nature Study

Animal Tracks Nature Study

Books:
Printed Resources:
For Fun:
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DIY craft coin ANIMAL TRACK MEMORY GAME
  1. Print this sheet on to white card stock
  2. Cut each in to circles using 1.25″ circle hole punch
  3. Use Matte Mod Podge and adhere footprint circles to 1.5″ wood craft circles
  4. Coat top with Mod Podge again
  5. I later took a fine point Sharpie and wrote the name of the animal by the track so I could be sure to know what it was
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Monarch Butterfly Nature Study

Monarch Butterfly Nature Study

Monarch-Specific Books:
Butterfly Books:
Resources:
For Fun:
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Favorite Naturalist Picture Book Biographies

Favorite Naturalist Picture Book Biographies - The Silvan Reverie

What is a Naturalist?

“We are all meant to be naturalists, each in his own degree, and it is inexcusable to live in a world so full of the marvels of plant and animal life and to care for none of these things.” (Charlotte Mason)

A simple way to think of a naturalist is a person who studies plants, animals, and fungi in their natural environment. A professional naturalist traditionally will use more observational science than experimental methods, but that’s not a hard line. Many of the naturalists in this list used experiments to learn more about a field of interest: Beatrix Potter experimented with fungi spores and Maria Merian experimented with caterpillar larvae and host plants.

All of these books evoke images of a childhood spent immersed in nature. In some cases the children grow up to be adults in their specific childhood-field-of-interest: John James Audubon and birds, Jean Henri-Fabre and insects. In other cases there is not such a direct line to an adult career: Ansel Adams became a photographer, Beatrix Potter an author.

I will say that a couple of these books play up the “_________ was not your average child” mantra. The suggestion is that if a young child prefers to study insects or collect rocks than sit in a school desk all day or play video games then they are a bit abnormal. I find that the opposite is actually true–I think children have a natural-born inclination to absorb and enjoy the natural world to its fullest and to their hearts’ content.

“If children are to grow into healthy, well-adjusted adults, nature needs to be integral to their everyday lives, from place-based learning at school to unstructured, unsupervised, even risk-prone play around home. Nature isn’t just a bunch of far-off plants, animals, and landscapes to learn about and visit once or twice a year. It’s an environment to be immersed in daily, especially during our childhood years.” (Scott D. Sampson, How to Raise a Wild Child)

Favorite Naturalist Picture Book Biographies

Out of School and Into Nature: The Anna Comstock Story

Anna Botsford Comstock is the author of Handbook of Nature Study. This picture book follows her life from childhood on, depicting a young girl entranced with the natural world who grows to be a woman widely acknowledged to be a nature expert and pioneer in the field of nature education. One of her main contributions was to encourage children’s interest in the natural world by conducting science and nature studies outdoors. She believed children need to experience nature for themselves, not just through books in a classroom.

Summer Birds: The Butterflies of Maria Merian

With a net in her hand, young Maria sets out to study insects closely and learn more about them. Since she lived in a time when people thought insects were “beasts of the devil,” Maria Merian is considered to be one of the first naturalists who studied insects through direct observation. She contributed much to the field of etymology. I appreciate that the illustrations in this book evoke the style of Maria Merian herself, who used watercolors, engravings, and etchings. The text in this book is rich, but a bit simpler than some of the others on this book list and therefore preschooler-friendly. In some ways this book is more of a playful and interesting story and less of a true biography.

Another option: The Girl Who Drew Butterflies: How Maria Merian’s Art Changed Science — this book is a much longer and thorough biography of Maria Merian’s life, with excellent illustrations and even includes images of Maria Merian’s artwork.

Miss Lady Bird’s Wildflowers: How a First Lady Changed America by Kathi Appelt

One of my favorite wildflower nature study books. I personally loved reading this the first time to my kids because I got to learn more about Lady Bird Johnson. I had no idea she had such a connection to wildflowers. “To Lady Bird, the act of planting flowers helped people become better caretakers.” I love the idea of connecting to nature through gardening, not just through wild mountain adventures like John Muir. Later in life Lady Bird helped establish the National Wildflower Research Center, a fitting legacy for a girl and woman that love wildflowers so much and saw the need to protect them for the future.

Note: This book does address the assassination of JFK. It is handled gently but it might bring up some questions for younger readers.

Small Wonders: Jean Henri-Fabre and His World of Insects by Matthew Clark Smith

I absolutely love this biography because it is told in such an engaging and thrilling way — not just a simple run-through year-by-year of Jean Henri-Fabre’s life. We begin with the President of France visiting an old recluse man in a small town — but why would he visit such a man, and who is this person? We later learn it is Jean Henri-Fabre and the President has arrived to give him an award for his contributions to etymology. The early depictions of the young boy’s discoveries in nature are so inspiring and the imaginative settings are inviting–you literally just want to jump into the dreamy landscape. I think this book does an excellent job of depicting exactly what a naturalist is—not only seeing the infinite beauty in the tiniest of wonders, but taking time to observe, draw pictures, and record notes. And, lastly, to share those discoveries with others … which is worthy of reward.

Charles Darwin’s Around the World Adventure by Jennifer Thermes

This biography covers the adventurous years Darwin spent traveling on the HMS Beagle and on land throughout South America (not just the Galápagos Islands). This story celebrates the virtue of exploration and wonder—through the eyes of a young man we celebrate the observation of the tiniest of creatures, the mystery of dug-up bones, and the awe of active volcanoes. Do you know what it feels like to see a new creature or plant for this first time? This book evokes those emotions quite well. This book also comes with fun maps to explore and spark imagination as well as inviting illustrations, especially of the HMS Beagle. The adventure narrative is riveting and fun!

Note: Darwin’s religious views have been widely debated and discussed. This picture books omits any mention of that tension.

The Boy Who Drew Birds: A Story of John James Audubon by Jacqueline Davies

Audubon felt that studying birds in nature, in their natural habitat was preferable to book-learning. He would carry with him notebooks and pencils to illustrate birds that he actually observed. Beyond the fact that he is widely recognized as one of the best bird painters, he also helped pioneer the idea of bird banding to track migration. One thing I appreciate in this book is the relationship John James has with his father, who also loved birds and is an encouragement to the young boy. Many of the other stories in this list are told of an individual in isolation from others. It’s nice to highlight a positive family influence on inspiring a love of the natural world.

Note: This book is also on my list of Favorite Bird Books for Children

When Sue Found Sue: Sue Hendrickson Discovers Her T. Rex by Toni Buzzeo

You might be surprised that I’m including a fossil collector in my list of naturalists. The reason for this is that Sue Hendrickson’s childhood was that of a naturalist: she spent time in nature and had a particular fondness for finding and collecting nature treasures. The illustrations in the book show little Sue how hunting with a net or magnifying glass for any new discovery. This book ultimately inspires children to take things a little slower and spend the time to take a closer look at the natural world around them. Who know what they will find!

Antsy Ansel: Ansel Adams, A Life in Nature by Cindy Jenson-Elliott

“‘Ansel was antsy. He never walked–he ran.’ … ‘Why don’t you go outside?” suggested his father.” YES! Send them outside. Ansel Adams spent his childhood exploring Northern California and loving every minute of exploration and fresh air. When he was 14 he took a trip to the Yosemite Valley, falls in love (who wouldn’t?), and his parents gift him with a camera. The rest is history, of course.

The Tree Lady: The True Story of How One Tree-Loving Woman Changed a City Forever by H. Joseph Hopkins

A little girl believes tress are her friends. Of course they are when you live in Northern California!! This is the enthralling story of Kate Sessions, whose passion for trees as a child stays with her into adulthood, where she finds herself bringing trees from around to the world to a little desert town known as San Diego. No one at that time could imagine San Diego as a lush and leafy city! Kate Sessions was also instrumental in creating Balboa Park to be what it is today: full of trees. The text and illustrations of this book are reminiscent of Miss Rumphius by Barbara Cooney. Utterly charming.

Spring After Spring: How Rachel Carson Inspired the Environmental Movement by Stephanie Roth Sisson

From a young age, Rachel was interested in spending time in nature and had a near-constant desire to learn and know more about all her observations. Then later, something shifts into her consciousness, and she takes notice and action. The images used in this book to depict the “going silent” natural world are quite gentle and I think appropriate for younger children. The book mainly focuses on Rachel’s time spent in nature, her curiosity and love for it. This is just my opinion, but I do not think we need to burden small children with all the ills of environmental degradation. I believe we should worry more about getting them out into nature and inviting them to love it. If they love it, of course they will want to preserve, honor, and protect it.

I think this other biography of Rachel Carson deals with the negative effects of DDT on the environment more directly (both in text and imagery), and may be more appropriate to read to older elementary children — Rachel Carson and Her Book That Changed the World by Laurie Lawlor.

Beatrix Potter by Alexandra Wallner

There is no doubt that Beatrix Potter was a young naturalist. She spent much of her time illustrating her own pets, which later served as inspirations for her stories. What many do not know about Beatrix Potter is how her interest in drawing and painting mushrooms in particular also led to her interest in mycology. She even conducted her own observations experiments on spore germination, which were ignored at the time due to a woman’s place in society. Her love for nature continued throughout her life even after she stopped writing her stories.

Another fantastic Beatrix Potter book:

Saving the Countryside: The Story of Beatrix Potter and Peter Rabbit

The Sky Painter: Louis Fuertes, Bird Artist by Margarita Engle

Louis Fuertes was an ornithologist inspired by Audubon to paint his own artwork based on birds. The illustrations in this book are stunning, realistic, and engaging. The text is all written in prose. It’s a beautiful book that pays a nice tribute. I will say that it’s important to see that the illustrations venture more into a dreamy depiction and steer away from the style of Fuertes himself. The book The Boy Who Drew Birds: A Story of John James Audubon, for example, does a nice job with illustrations matching the style and era of Audubon.

Note: This book is also on my list of Favorite Bird Books for Children

Karl, Get Out of the Garden!: Carolus Linnaeus and the Naming of Everything by Anita Sanchez

I’ll be honest: I was not expecting to love this book when I got it from the library, but it’s so enthralling! I love the storytelling here and there is an appropriate amount of charm and humor involved in the creation of the scientific classification system: the naming of EVERYTHING! The story inspires an appreciation of Linnaeus for his incredible lifelong work. I love the page towards the end that shows people who speak a wide variety of languages using the exact same Latin word for carrot. What an accomplishment for one person!

Joan Proctor, Dragon Doctor: The Woman Who Loved Reptiles by Patricia Valdez

This book is an easy hit for reptile-loving children! I had never heard of Joan Proctor before getting this book and we are quite amazed at her life’s work–especially her care for Komodo dragons at the London Zoo. The illustrations are fun and the story is an engaging read even for preschoolers — it does not read so fact-based as some of the other books on this list.

Honorable Mentions:
Notes: